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Collaborative projects

The IRT (Broadcast Technology Institute) is constantly involved in various, partly externally funded, collaborative projects and has partnerships with many international scientific institutions, universities and business enterprises.

With our expertise we contribute particularly to research and evaluation work at the interface of theory and practice in order to document all activities both internally and externally.

IRT’s business unit "Collaborative Research"

IRT’s business unit "Collaborative Research" acquires all research and development projects that are funded with national and international resources with the aspiration to accompany these projects advisory and conceptual. Therefore, IRT brings as a partner its comprehensive know-how into these projects. Hereby, the institute is involved directly in future developments, thus ensuring the expansion of its knowledge base.

The individual projects are defined in agreement with IRT’s management, possible cooperation partners and the funding bodies and according to theme worked up in IRT’s respective functional areas. With funded projects, the Institute brings ahead the development of new broadcasting systems, works on the introduction of new broadcasting services and contributes to international standardization in particular with an eye toward media convergence of broadcasting and telecommunications.

Completed funded projects

ADAMS – (Supported by Bayerische Forschungsstiftung)
Consuming movies, music and on demand TV content on different devices while travelling was the goal of the "Adaptive Multimodal Streaming" (ADAMS) project. A consortium of research institutes and companies developed a solution based on technological standards that allows users to freely select their preferred device: ranging from their television at home, to smartphones, tablets and eventually automobiles. The ADAMS solution not only streams the content to the appropriate end device but also includes information about the pause position in order to resume from that moment in the stream. In addition, the current network quality is constantly being considered, and the transmitted data stream is continuously adapted to the current transmission situation to optimize the media experience. The result is that users can conveniently follow their favorite programs on their preferred device in the maximum available quality




The establishment and improvement of early warning systems has been proved to contribute significantly to the reduction of injuries and losses to life and property before, during and after a crisis situation. However, in the context of alerting and communications to the population in crisis, the effectiveness of crisis management strategies and applied technologies to support them and to disseminate alerts at a given point in time will be influenced by several factors. These include the level of interoperability and common awareness between authorities involved, the perception of social crowds receiving the alerts, the role played by emerging new media, such as social networks, and the level of acceptance and penetration of applied communications technologies in the population as well as in the involved authorities.

An integrated set of prototypes shows the spectrum and potential of different alert dissemination systems. The specific solution IRT was involved in is based on HbbTV and it demonstrated how existing consumer equipment can be used efficiently to inform citizens.


Within the project CHORUS, IRT supported the setting-up of a platform for knowledge exchange in the area of audiovisual search engines. The main objective of this project was the extensively automatic generation of metadata at very high semantic level as the basic requirement for content search in the production as well as in the online area.

Further information on CHORUS


The THESEUS application scenario CONTENTUS is an important contribution to the preservation of cultural heritage and the safeguarding of cultural diversity in Europe. CONTENTUS showcased how cultural institutions in Germany and other European countries are enabled to integrate their cultural assets and works of art in an innovative and structured framework and how to make them freely accessible to a wide audience online.

Further informationen on CONTENTUS: Corporate video & THESEUS press release


The EU project CORVETTE (Coordination and Validation of the Deployment of Advanced Transport Telematic Systems in Alpine Areas) aims to optimise the flow of traffic between Austria, Italy, and Germany.

Further informationen on CORVETTE TEMPO



Since a part of the UHF frequency range has been auctioned off to mobile network operators, this part of the spectrum is no longer available for wireless audio equipment at cultural-, sports- and music events, at TV shows, musicals, and so on. The research project C-PMSE - „Cognitive Program Making and Special Event" investigated and developed solutions to improve the frequency utilization and coexistence for PMSE Systems by Cognitive Methods.

Independent from a political solution for the considerable restrictions of the PMSE users due to the Digital Dividend, the C-PMSE project was studying – with wireless microphones as example application – cognitive methods for the effective utilization of the frequency spectrum. The most important objective in this project was the preservation and the potential increase of operational reliability under the conditions of dynamic and heterogeneous frequency utilization. The basic idea was, to scan continuously the usable frequency range against potential risks. As soon as potential interferers are detected, countermeasures will be initiated. The basic principle sounds quite easy, but it requires very complex interactions between different components, which were– with the required specifications – not available on the market or still under research during the project timeline.



CustomTV (Supported by EU/ACTS)
The aim of the CustomTV project was the compatible incorporation of multimedia elements in the DVB transport stream which are coded in MPEG-4 and indexed in accordance with MPEG-7 as soon as the presentation of the multimedia elements on the TV receiver by means of window techniques.

IRT's Contribution:

  • total project management
  • cooperation in all work packages
  • contributions to the standardisation in MPEG-7



Daidalos II
Designing Advanced network Interfaces for the Delivery and Administration of Location independent, Optimised personal Services

Daidalos II designed, developed and validated a blueprint of a true beyond 3G Framework. It supports secure, personalized and pervasive services built on heterogeneous network and service infrastructures for the mobile user and will contribute to standards and industry fora. Tomorrow’s user needs a seamless, pervasive access to content, services and networks with preferences and context in mind. Daidalos II radically improved user-friendliness and economic viability in the European information and communication sector by integrating mobile and broadcast communications and following a user-centred, scenario-based and operator-driven approach to deliver services pervasively and seamlessly across heterogeneous networks.

IRT's Contribution:

  • middleware concepts for interactive services in a converged broadcast/mobile communications environment



The European project DIOMEDES (Distribution of Multi-view Entertainment using content aware DElivery Systems) researched different distribution mechanisms for 3D content. The activities focused on a content delivery concept that provides stereoscopic video (two views, one per eye) via DVB-T2 and enhancements towards multiview via Peer-to-Peer (P2P) to present multi-view coded video at the user’s home.

In this project, the IRT implemented a proof-of-concept of the DVB-T2 transmission and realized the visual attention modeling for identification of important image elements/ regions.

Further informationen on DIOMEDES

DXB (Supported by BMBF)
Harmonising DVB-H, DAB/DMB and MBMS (Mobile Broadcast Multicast Services over UMTS), to avoid fragmentation in the market for content and multimedia receivers. Broadcast services and broadcast content will be transported over the various networks, making use of a generic IP interface: this shall ensure that the generation of content for the services can be carried out uniformly.

IRT's Contribution:

  • development and standardisation of system architecture
  • transmission optimisation (error correction and its impact on the network design
  • reduction of power consumption: micro time slicing (DAB) versus macro time slicing (as in DVB-H)
  • service and coverage aspects
  • extensions to DAB test receivers and DAB analyser for DXB (QoS and coverage measurements, BER analysis, demonstrator and mobile reception, field measurements)




The initiative "Electromobility in Bavaria" and the research project "model community for electromobility" aim at the development of mobility concepts – exemplified by a holistic solution for the city of Garmisch-Partenkirchen. This covers investments in new technologies as well as investigations of suitability, sustainability and attractiveness for their daily use by consumers. Within the sub-project "Intelligent Charging Infrastructure", IRT focusses on the standardised distribution of relevant status information on the available charging infrastructure to end-users. To efficiently achieve this, the TPEG protocol, which offers a method for transmitting multimodal traffic and travel information, will be extended by a component specifically supporting electromobility requirements. In addition to the specification, a software-based proof-of-concept prototype will be implemented including the TPEG components as well as the required interfaces to the central charging management system. (German only)


ENTHRONE (End-to-End Quality of Service through Integrated Management of Content, Networks and Terminals) was an integrated project in the thematic priority “Information Society Technologies” of EU Framework Programme 6. The ENTHRONE project focused on end-to-end Quality of Service (QoS) over heterogeneous networks and terminals.

Further informationen on ENTHRONE


FI Content
Major European and global companies and research centres have joined their skills in the FI content initiative to drive innovation at the crossroads of content, media, networks and creativity. This initiative aims at developing and experimenting across Europe cutting-edge ICT platforms devoted to applications and services in the areas of social connected TV, smart city services, and pervasive games. In this project, IRT focuses on the Social Connected TV Platform which is designed to foster the development and uptake of innovative TV applications: an entirely new ecosystem is evolving around connected TVs, enabling new applications and concepts around TV content. Services for connected devices will complement the TV experience and extend it towards novel usage scenarios. We build upon established Web-based technologies and the recent HbbTV standard while combining them with additional components from the Future Internet Initiative. Eventually, intelligent inter-device and broadcast-broadband synchronisation mechanisms will be used to present Connected TV as a single platform which seamlessly integrates media services and interactive applications across different providers under one roof.


Global ITV

The scope of the European-Brazilian project is the development of an interoperability scheme for the co-existence of multiple interactivity and Connected TV solutions on different Digital TV platforms (such as ISDB-Tb, DVB-S/-T/-C and IPTV). This includes exchanging and using the same information as well as gaining access to the same content sources, by creating solutions to decrease the efforts for adapting services to multiple platforms and to ease access to a global market for all, allowing the reuse of interactive content worldwide.

Main objectives of the GLOBAL ITV project are:

  • Coexistence
  • Interoperability
  • Convergence

of HbbTV and Ginga, while at the same time ensuring that the resulting standards and solutions have an impact on business and involve all stakeholders.

The ultimate aim is to lay the foundation for a global interoperable iTV platform which covers integrated broadcast and broadband services. In this joint Brazilian-European endeavour, we will define and showcase a reliable migration path and a coexistence scenario towards a next-generation hybrid TV platform based on established web standards.
IRT is the European coordinator of the project and also leads the overall day-to-day management of the project. In addition, IRT leads the overall development of the GLOBAL ITV platform and the corresponding application development guidelines, but also contributes to the definition of future iTV scenarios, evaluation and testing of the created platform and applications, and also to project results’ dissemination.



Through the German National Research and Education Network DFN, and under the umbrella of the GN3plus initiative, IRT collaborates with GÉANT, which is the pan-European research and education network that interconnects Europe’s National Research and Education Networks (NRENs). In total it connects over 50 million users at 10,000 institutions across Europe, supporting research activities in multiple areas. Operating at speeds of up to 100 Gbps and reaching over 100 national networks worldwide, GÉANT remains the largest and most advanced research and education network in the world.


Unter der Koordination des Rundfunks Berlin Brandburg entwickelt HBB-NEXT Komponenten und Architekturen für eine neue Generation von Hybrid-TV Lösungen die eine noch engere Verknüpfung von Fernseh- und Internetinhalten ermöglichen. Aufbauend auf dem HbbTV-Standard, will das Projekt die Konvergenz der Fernseh- und Internetwelt weiter vorantreiben. Aus einer nutzerzentrischen Sicht sollen Fernsehanwendungen um verschiedene Aspekte bereichert werden, z.B. direkte Einbindung von sozialen Netzwerken, Mehrgerätezugriff, gruppenoptimierte Inhaltsempfehlungen oder die nahtlose und zeitsynchrone Kombination von Fernsehinhalten und Zusatzdiensten über das Internet. Die Ergebnisse werden der weiteren Akzeptanz von HbbTV dienen und in die Weiterentwicklung des Standards einfließen. Das IRT, als einer von neuen Partnern im Konsortium, leitet das Projekt auf technisch-wissenschaftlicher Ebene und koordiniert den Austausch mit Standardisierungsorganisationen.


HbbRadio – Research and implementation of a new hybrid radio platform
The HbbRadio project researches and implements a new hybrid radio platform and creates tailored production tools. It forms the foundation for a novel personalized and context-adaptive live radio with integrated and synchronized add-on services. Content, services and applications will be distributed via broadcast (FM, DAB, DAB-Plus) and internet (streaming and add-ons) in a hybrid manner (comparable to HbbTV).

The system will support established as well as upcoming radio service providers by providing new methods for production, distribution, and marketing of content. Audio content can be conveniently complemented with additional applications and background information. In addition, every user will be served with an individualized context-sensitive radio programme stream which the user can influence.



The project iNEM4U (Interactive Networked Experiences in Multimedia for You) developed a service infrastructure that enables users to share integrated multimedia experiences in networked environments. In iNEM4U, these experiences involve seamless combinations of multimedia content and value-added services from different domains of technology, such as the Web (i.e. YouTube), in-home consumer electronics (DLNA/UPnP), mobile telecommunication networks (i.e. IMS), and interactive digital TV (i.e. DVB-IP).



Many users wish to access video and audio content seamlessly from the media server – not only at home on their television sets but also from smart phones and entertainment systems in cars. The research project "Multimedia content follows person" mainly investigating three scenarios: the continuation of watching movies and TV shows from the point where watching was stopped at home, the use of audio-video playlists from a media server, and the continuation of watching live formats. The project was co-sponsored by the Bavarian Ministry of Economics, Technology, Transport and Infrastructure and was initiated by the cluster BICCNet.


A project funded by the European Commission, studied the potential for upgrades to high-speed network infrastructures. The project’s emphasis is on the applications of next-generation optical networks such as the transmission of uncompressed studio signals.

Further informationen on MUPBED


Narrowband Digital Broadcasting

IRT's Contribution:

  • frequency planning and protection ratios for digital AM broadcasting
  • This research work was also carried out for the international standardisation initiative Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) and is carried on for this initiative after completion of Eureka project NADIB as an internal IRT project (V-DRM) in the department Broadcast Engineering Systems.



NEMi (Supported by EU/IST)
Networked and Electronic Media Initiative support office

The NEMi project aimed at supporting the implementation of the NEM (Networked and Electronic Media) Initiative, disseminating its achievements and promoting tools to facilitate the participation of a broad range of organizations as well as helping the preparation of future actions and policies. In particular, NEMi assisted to progress towards the definition and achievement of the objectives of a European Research Agenda in the NEM scenarios. Also, NEMi contributed to the implementation of future actions and policies proposed by the NEM members (NEM Technology Platform).

IRT's Contribution:

  • preparation and contribution towards the definition and achievements of the goals of Strategic Research Agenda (in three releases)
  • active contribution towards the definition of the NEM vision
  • installation of collaborative links between the NEM Initiative and regulatory groups or bodies whose activities are relevant to the achievement of the NEM objectives and goals (e.g. ECC, COCOM, RSPG, IRG)




NoTube demonstrated a new generation of Web services for context dependent and personalized selection and presentation of TV content. NoTube enhanced digital entertainment from a single-TV viewer activity to a community-based experience by sharing preferences. NoTube realized distributed personalization in an interactive and multi-device environment, enabling TV entertainment anywhere and anytime with the ubiquitous Web.

IRT developed web services for the conversion of PrestoSpace metadata to TV-Anytime using BMF as intermediate format.


Further informationen on NoTube



Hauptziel des Projektes war die Entwicklung eines europaweiten „Next-Generation"-Distributionssystems für Internet-Fernsehen auf Basis von Peer-to-Peer (P2P)-Technologien. Dabei spielten insbesondere auch Metadatenaspekte und erste Schritte in HTML5 eine entscheidende Rolle.

Further informationen on P2P-Broadcasting


“Portable interactivity” enables viewers to interact directly with moving images on their handheld TVs. In turn, viewers can create their very own media experiences with rich media.

Further informationen on porTiVity


Aim of the project QLectives (Quality Collectives) was to combine social networks, peer production and peer systems. The objective was to design and develop a platform of a next-generation self-organising socially intelligent information system. Quality Collectives did make use of technical and genre-specific descriptive metadata, user behaviour and ratings by users. The project was based on the two pillars “QScience” and ”QMedia”. In “QMedia”, an interactive peer-to-peer media system (including live streaming) has been developed and tested, that provides fully distributed social filtering and recommendations for quality (think of social television 2.0). With “QScience” a distributed platform for scientists has been created allowing them to locate or form new communities and to perform quality reviewings, which are transparent and promote quality (think of Slashdot for any particular discipline or sub-discipline).

The main focus of IRT’s work in QLectives was on “QMedia”, namely the design of an appropriate underlying metadata model, as well as the development and the testing of self-learning filter algorithms in order to obtain and retain highest quality metadata.. The resulting quality of metadata, being essential for a high-quality rating and recommendation system, has been evaluated in the living lab.

Further information on QLectives


ROMEO - Interactive 3D content and its distribution
The ROMEO project targets the challenges of synchronised live 3D media delivery to groups of users. The concurrency of the media experience will enable users to collaborate and to jointly enjoy multi-view 3D content. This will facilitate application scenarios such as social TV and high quality real-time collaboration. For IRT, the three key aspects in the project are 3D visual attention modelling, hybrid play-out solutions (e. g. via DVB-T2 and P2P), as well as spatial audio coding and rendering.


At the crux of this project lied the convergence of DVB-T, DVB-H and WiMAX ("wireless DSL") with resource allocation for fast, scalable video and the demonstration of multimedia services on the corresponding terminals.


The R&D project TOSCA-MP targeted the media production side and its workflows in broadcasting and media houses. The aim was to develop improved tools for content annotation, based on automatic feature extraction of AV media, and search tools for professionals in distributed/networked media production and archiving (television, radio, online). Under the scientific coordination by IRT, the system components have been integrated in a standards-based framework based on the principles of service-oriented architectures.

Further informationen:


EU project TV-Ring researches on Connected TV
The European TV-Ring project proposes a framework for developing and testing Connected TV services using HbbTV and advanced communication infrastructures. The project started in September 2013 and will end in the early 2016 and is executed by a consortium composed of eight organizations from four different nationalities: Catalan, German, Dutch and Belgian. The partners are: i2CAT, rbb, IRT, TVC, Retevision, NPO Universität Leuven, PPG.

The project, funded by the European Commission through the CIP program, will focus primarily on the execution of three pilots in three European regions. The pilots will be used as testbeds for advanced applications of Connected TV, using high bandwidth networks. Various types of applications such as second screen, very-high quality or multiple video streaming, will be tested by users in real environment.
One of the strengths of TV-Ring is the creation of a professional forum (Open Connected TV Forum), which will promote the exchange of knowledge and best practices as well as holding meetings and workshops with relevant stakeholders of the audiovisual industry to exchange points of view and strategies for the future of hybrid television.

Further informationen:


UniTV und UniTV-2
The projects UniTV & UniTV-2 dealed with interactive television for education purposes.

IRT's Contribution:

  • ATM network for studio connections
  • presentation suite for distributed productions



VITALAS was an innovative project designed to provide advanced solutions for indexing, searching and accessing large scale digital audio-visual content. The objective of this project was to deliver a reliable and efficient preindustrial prototype, allowing intelligent access to multimedia professional archives.

Further informationen on VITALAS


WiMAC@home stands for “Wireless Media And Control at home”: in other words, management systems for stand-alone multimedia and control components in a wireless home network, based on a standard issued by the Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA).



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